Chinese language is a new territory for many whose first language use an alphabetic system such as English. Instead of combining letters to form words, Chinese language uses strokes to form characters. The commonly used Chinese characters alone contain 3000 words. Not only that, Chinese is additionally tonal language with four different tones, commonly marked with accent marks, proper unmarked represents the neutral tone. The accent marks are only available when using PinYin to represent the pronunciation. The word sh for instance, can have different meanings depending on its tone. The first tone sh can mean poetry or wet or teacher. The second tone sh can mean ten or time or genuine. The third tone sh can mean history or to start or to cause. The fourth tone sh can mean yes or room or matter. In essence, strategies many similar sounds with various meanings. As a couple of fact, a Chinese linguist in the 20th century Zhao Yuanren composed a 10-line classical Chinese poem using only the sound shi.
Next, it is not always possible to guess the pronunciation of a design. The character for wood, for instance, is pronounced mu. The character for forest, which usually composed of two-character for wood, is pronounced lin. Although in this example the pronunciation isn’t related, the concise explaination of the characters can potentially. On the contrary, when the pronunciation can be related due to similar root character, the meanings are not necessarily related.
PinYin itself, although alphabetized, is not pronounced the in an identical way as the alphabetic sounds. There are unfamiliar sounds with regard to u with an umlaut () that sounds like a mix of I and u. Like all things unfamiliar, it leads to uncertainty and fright. Thus, knowing the challenges learners face is the actual step in devising effective learning strategies that directly affect their language satisfaction.
The Strategies Previously Learn Chinese Characters
Prof Ko-Yin Sung of Chinese Language Study from Utah State university conducted a search amongst non-heritage, non-Asian Far east learners and uncovered interesting results may be help future learners in forming a helpful study blueprint. Her study revolves all through most frequently used Chinese character learning strategies and how to say hello in chinese those strategies affect the learners’ ability in understanding and producing the sound and the writing in the Chinese personas.
The study finds that among leading twenty most frequently used strategies, eight of them are related to when a personality is first introduced to learners. These include:
1. Repeating the character several times aloud or silently.
2. Writing the character down.
3. Noting how the character is used in context.
4. Noting the tone and associating it with pinyin.
5. Observing the character and stroke order.
6. Visualising the character.
7. Experiencing the explanation of the character.
8. Associating the character with previously learned individuality.
The next six strategies are familiar with increase learners’ understanding for this newly introduced character.
9. Converting the character into native language and finding a similar.
10. Looking in the textbook or dictionary.
11. Checking if fresh character already been used a long time ago.
12. Trying to discover how they are used in conversation.
13. While using character in sentences orally.
14. Asking how the could be utilized in sentences.
However, learning strategies start to diminish beyond those two learning stages. There are only three strategies moved to memorising newly learned avatar.
15. Saying and writing the character at the same time frame.
16. Saying and picturing the character in mindset.
17. With the sound, visualising the character shape and meaning.
And there is only one strategy applied in practising new characters.
18. Making sentences and writing them out.
And new characters are reviewed with these two strategies only.
19. Writing the characters many times.
20. Reading over notes, example sentences and the textbook.
Of the twenty strategies mentioned above, four are simply to be most significant in increasing learner’s skills of speaking, listening, reading, and writing of the characters. Normal strategies are:
Writing the characters down
Observing the stroke order
Making connection to a similar character
Saying and writing the type repeatedly
A research by Stice in 1987 showed that students only retained 10% of back as they learned from what they read, 26% from legitimate because it hear, and 30% from what they see. While studying modes are combined, newer and interesting . improvement in mastering retention is noted. Learning retention jumped to 50% when seeing and hearing are combined, and even higher at 70% when students repeat the materials yet learning, and learning retention is in the highest at 90% when students repeat the materials they are learning as they quite simply do anything. Simply reading the characters aren’t enough. Learners must associate the sound with the characters, develop a connection that isn’t characters various other them memorable, and practice recalling the newly learned characters.
Study points too recalling new characters learned improves learning retention and reinforces understanding. One way work with this will be by using an app for example The Intelligent Flashcards. This specific unit flashcard app is manufactured for the New Practical Chinese Reader textbooks, making it convenient evaluation characters based on chapters. Also does it show stroke order animation, it one other accompanied by native speaker sound files, making this app so much more convenient that another app with regard to Anki. With Anki, although user may add personal notes on it, the sound file isn’t available and must be imported through another app.
Another important learning approach to incorporate is observing any characters are usually employed in circumstance. This can performed by observing real-life conversations to complement the textbook and audio tracks conversation. Usually interesting to make note of that pupils studied the particular abovementioned research were often unwilling to adopt the training strategies recommended by the instructors, such as watching Chinese TV shows or listening Chinese song selections. There could be many reasons for this. Design and style of the shows or songs can not appeal to your learners.
Regarding this program is not as convenient. And additionally if the shows might accessed online, rarely are they subtitled in both both Chinese and English which makes the shows more helpful to beginner learners in buying the language. Also, most on the very popular Chinese Television fall in the historical genre, which is really a favourite among the Chinese, with regard to The Empress of China. However, the language spoken in this particular type of TV show is somewhat more complex towards the contemporary spoken Chinese.